"...when the last individual of a race of living things breathes no more, another Heaven and another Earth must pass before such a one can be again."
-William Beebe

Shopping Cart   •    SEARCH ALBC
ALBC Logo

Waterfowl Census, Spring 2000 Totals

Duck Breeds Number of breeding birds
(male & female)
Number of primary flocks Number of Breeders Conservation Category Agricultural history Note
Ancona 128 1 4 Critical Y  
Australian Spotted 30 0 1 Study Y- pest control & eggs Bantam with unique agricultural attributes.
Aylesbury 282 2 8 Critical Y - meat Elite meat bird in Europe until mid 1920 - 30.
Buff (a.k.a. Orpington) 793 5 11 Rare Y - eggs  
Campbell 2,613 9 19 Watch Y - eggs  
Cayuga 1,013 7 22 Rare Y - meat  
Crested 164 1 6   N Skeletal problems & other deformities are common among crested birds.
East Indies 135 1 6   N Bantam version of a Cayuga.
Golden Cascade 12 0 1   Y Very recent creation from Campbell, Pekin & Crested.
Magpie 126 1 7 Critical Y - eggs & meat  
Muscovy 2,791 6 15   Y - meat * see below
Pekin 23,171 14 24   Y - meat Many more estimated to be in hatcheries with no public access.
Rouen 5,043 16 31 Watch Y - meat Data include two distinct populations, the production birds and the larger exhibition birds.
Runner 2,916 12 26 Watch Y - eggs  
Saxony 57 0 4 Critical Y - meat  
Silver Appleyard 128 1 5 Critical Y - meat  
Swedish 1,823 8 16 Watch Y - meat  
Welsh Harlequin 188 1 5 Critical Y - eggs  

*There was some confusion about whether or not the Muscovy was to be included in the census, so data were not consistently gathered. The Muscovy, however, is a common duck globally, existing as domestic, feral and wild populations. While of agricultural importance, it is not presently in danger of extinction.


Goose Breeds Number of breeding birds
(male & female)
Number of primary flocks Number of Breeders Conservation Category Agricultural history Note
African 2,561 9 22 Watch Y - meat *see below1
American Buff 395 1 14 Critical Y - meat  
Chinese 3,825 8 21 Watch Y - meat Developed from the same wild foundation stock as the African but a smaller bird developed in China for a special barbeque dish.
Embden 5,265 10 19 -- Y - meat Many more estimated to be in hatcheries with no public access.
Gray 18 0 2 Study Y - meat *see below2
Pilgrim 664 4 23 Critical-Rare Y - meat  
Pomeranian 228 1 11 Critical Y - meat  
Roman 434 2 10 Critical Y - guard  
Sebastopol 645 3 10 Critical-Rare Y - meat  
Shetland 28 0 2 Study Y-meat  
Toulouse 3,238 - 654
reported as "Gray with dewlap".
14 - 6
primary flocks w/ dewlap
18 Watch Y - meat *see below3
West of England 6 0 1 Study Y - meat  
*1Two very different types are known as Africans. The large, dewlapped birds reflect the original phenotype and are exceptional meat birds. These are of more significant conservation interest. The smaller African likely has been influenced by the Chinese goose. Data contain both populations.
*2This goose is described by one breeder as the "old farm goose often wrongly called the commercial Toulouse. It is mostly descended from the old English Gray Goose" Additional clarification is needed to learn the difference between this goose and the non-dewlapped Toulouse.
*3 The standard Toulouse is a large, dewlapped bird with elongated feathers, loose skin, and a keel. The large Toulouse is a unique color of gray, is a good layer, and is raised for its fatty liver which is used to make fois gras. This is the bird of particular conservation interest. There is also a smaller Toulouse goose which is a longer legged, tightly feathered, keel-less goose with no dewlap. It is a productive agricultural meat bird. It is more numerous than the large dewlapped Toulouse, but still requires genetic conservation. Exhibition Toulouse have exaggerated dewlaps. Data contain all three populations